KICTANet Election Technology Observer Mission

by | Jul 25, 2022

Read the Pre-election Observations Report on Kenya’s August 2022 Elections. (August 8th, 2022.)
Read the summary of the key findings of tech election observation mission. (August 30th, 2022)

In our civic duty as active and engaged citizens, KICTANet has deployed election observers to observe the tech component of Kenya elections since 2013. The year 2022 is no different, and KICTANet will also observe the technology component of the elections nationwide from preparedness, the voting process, transmission, and post-election processes. We have deployed 90 observers from 21 counties.

The KICTANet technology election observers’ mission will provide a neutral and balanced impartial review of the election process and prepare a report that will be published on the KICTANet website.

Challenges with the 2022 elections – Key issues that have not been addressed.

1. Provide a public API to IEBC results system, to enable observers and other stakeholders to access the database and carry out results analytics.
2. Grant observers access to back-room server operations on the processing of results forms.
3. Ensure that the use of manual registers is supported by the expected documentary evidence as per IEBC regulations (such as approvals from Presiding Officers, and completion of requisite forms).
4. Transmit and display both text results and scanned result forms for all the elective positions in all polling stations to enhance transparency and verifiability of the elections.
5. Publish the data protection impact assessment report and privacy policy.
6. Ensure all technologies and devices to be used in the elections are all tested prior to
deployment to ensure sufficient performance.
7. Ensure comprehensive training of all election personnel well before the elections, especially on the aspects of the use of technology and devices.
8. Collaborate with electricity and telecommunications providers to ensure robust network and coverage during the elections, including ensuring that satellite backup is used in areas without 3G/4G network coverage.
9. Incorporate cyber hygiene, digital security and privacy in the curriculum used for the training of election officials.
10. Take measures to prevent vendor lock-in the acquisition and maintenance of technology infrastructure.
11. Social media companies should take measures to address rising hate speech, misinformation and disinformation on their platforms.
12. IEBC should respond in a timely manner to address any misinformation and disinformation targeting them.


Areas of elections that we are observing.

  1. Technology deployment and preparedness of the electoral body
  2. Voter registration process
  3. Elections day opening of polling stations
  4. The identification process of voters
  5. Elections polling station closing
  6. Elections Tallying centre
  7. Availability of infrastructures like power, cellular network, mobile signal, internet, and online services like social media sites, and search engines, in voting and tallying centres.


What have we done so far?

  1. Weekly articles on tech preparedness on elections and shared widely.
  2. Courtesy call with IEBC commissioners.
  3. Held a moderated discussion with the public on election preparedness and their expectations for the elections and shared it with IEBC.
  4. Participated in the 2022 National Election Conference.
  5. Meeting with European Union Election Observation Mission.
  6. Held Public engagement with Meta Platform Inc, Twitter, and Tiktok on the emerging Concerns on social media use in the Upcoming 2022 Elections.
  7. Training our observers on the election process, and the technology component on 26th July and 4th August 2022 from 2pm.
  8. INTERNET SHUTDOWN: Together with AccessNow, and the #KeepItOn campaign, Trained observers on internet measurements (OONI Probe) and use of VPNs and other tools in case of Internet Shutdowns (TunnelBear, Psiphon, Tor).


Our election observers are bound by the IEBC code of conduct, and KICTANet’s core values of independent, transparent, multistakeholderism, diversity, professionalism, impactful, integrity, excellence, and discipline.

KICTANet Research and Publications related to elections.

2022 KICTANet preliminary election observation report

Kenyans went to the polls on August 9, 2022! KICTANet monitored the election, focusing on technology. KICTANet’s election observation mission report highlights positive steps like sufficient voting tech, voter identification using fingerprints, and electronic transmission of results.

1072 downloads Download 247.2 KB

KICTANet's Pre-election Observations Report on Kenya’s August 2022 Elections recommendations to improve future elections. The report proposes giving the public access to election data, stronger security checks, and better voter education. Read the full report for all the proposed recommendations.

2255 downloads Download 791.2 KB
Don't hit the switch making the case against network disruptions in Africa 2017

This brief examines the severe repercussions on civil liberties, economic stability, and social cohesion. It underscores the imperative for robust policies that safeguard uninterrupted digital access as a fundamental right for all Africans.


639 downloads Download 392.6 KB
Disinformation in Kenya's Political Sphere: Actors, Pathways and Effects

This research examines how disinformation shapes Kenya's political scene. It exposes the rampant use of misinformation at both national and local levels, targeting a diverse electorate with varying ideologies, ethnicities, economic backgrounds, and demographics. Politicians exploit these divisions to manipulate voters.

2429 downloads Download 15.4 MB

Kenya debates solutions to combat fake news. Ideas include:

  • Best practice manuals for social media platforms
  • Collaboration with bloggers to fact-check
  • Media literacy education in schools
  • National values campaign to promote ethical online behaviour

These efforts address the root causes and empower Kenyans to identify and avoid fake news.

2297 downloads Download 486.6 KB
The Kenya ICT Action Network (KICTANet) deployed a 25-person election observer mission for Kenya’s 2017 General Election that took place on August 8, 2017. Kenyans voted for six positions namely Presidential, Senate, Parliamentary, Women’s Representative, Governor, and Member of County Assembly. KICTANet’s observation focused specifically on the use of technology from a user perspective and accordingly released a preliminary report which was published on 11 August 2017. 1029 downloads Download 207.1 KB
Memorandum on Elections Laws Amendment Bill to the Senate Standing Committee on Justice Legal Affairs and Human Rights 2019
562 downloads Download 137.6 KB
KICTANet stakeholder participation on the Elections law Amendment Bill 2017
990 downloads Download 374.5 KB


Translate »