Policy Briefs

KICTANet policy briefs.

Name Description Downloads Download File Size
Name Description Downloads Download File Size

Kenya's Artificial Intelligence (AI) journey needs a roadmap. Kenya can unlock the power of AI responsibly with strong policies. This policy brief explores challenges and solutions.

402 downloads Download 4.9 MB

Bridging the Digital Gender Divide in Kenya. Kenya is working to close the gap for women's access to technology and participation in public life. Through the joint efforts of KICTANet and the International Center for Not-for-Profit Law (ICNL), this report explores the challenges and opportunities.

474 downloads Download 2.9 MB
Mapping Kenya’s Cybersecurity Capacity-Building Need 2023
The “Mapping Kenya’s Cybersecurity Capacity-Building Needs” policy brief addresses the growing need for cybersecurity capacity-building in Kenya. The brief outlines Kenya’s cybersecurity capacity-building needs and identifies key recommendations to various stakeholders moving forward. 851 downloads Download 3.2 MB
KICTANet Accessibility of Kenya Government Websites to Persons with Disabilities- ScoreCard 2023

The purpose of conducting the assessment is to influence persons with disabilities' access to ICTs, their lived experiences, and their input towards ICT policy in Kenya. The information posted for public consumption should remain the same for all. This is to promote equity and equality in access to information and online services, supported by the constitutional provision of the right to access information as a basic human right (Constitution of Kenya 2010, Article 35).

412 downloads Download 1.3 MB
This policy brief looks at the relevant cyber diplomacy developments within the UN, focusing on the Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG) on developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security, which concluded its work in March 2021. It provides an introduction to the power dynamics that sets the stage and deciphers Kenya’s positioning within the field of nations. 739 downloads Download 854.4 KB

This guidebook explains data protection in Kenya, focusing on women's rights. The guidebook targets women, women human rights defenders, data protection practitioners and gender experts working at the intersection of gender and technology. Learn how to protect your data and advocate for others.

1624 downloads Download 3.3 MB
Data Protection and Privacy. A Gender Perspective
Digital access empowers women but also exposes them to data risks and online violence. This book explores data protection issues such as lack of agency and control over data, consent in unequal power dynamic contexts, loss of privacy, discrimination, online gender-based violence targeting women and bias that is compounded when age, class and gender intersect and offers solutions.
5374 downloads Download 1.9 MB

Data protection law exists in Kenya, but is it enough? A landmark case, the High Court, in the Nubian Rights Forum case highlights challenges in safeguarding personal data. The High Court excluded DNA and GPS information from the data that could be legitimately collected from citizens, saying it was too invasive to privacy and unnecessary for the intended purpose of civil registration and issuance of identity documents.

2086 downloads Download 3 MB
In recent years, as more business, government and civil applications are accessed through the Internet and private networks, the issue of Cyber-security has become a major concern. Every year financial losses, as well as reputational and social embarrassment, are experienced as a result of antisocial and criminal activity in cyberspace. Therefore, it has become necessary for both corporates and governments to invest in securing infrastructure, networks, systems and users, as well as creating policies and laws to mitigate the risks posed by the use of technology.
1265 downloads Download 1.9 MB

This brief assesses how the implementation of the Data Protection Act, 2019 will impact the upcoming 2022 Kenyan elections. The importance of this law is that, unlike previous elections, the 2022 election will be the first to be held with a comprehensive data protection law in place.

1131 downloads Download 542.3 KB
This study maps the cybersecurity landscape in Kenya with a focus on the fi nancial sector, and advocates for a human- centric approach in cybersecurity. It also provides the Ken-yan country context in legislation, stakeholders, and the fi nancial sector noting the increased access, use and adop-tion of ICTs in the country, which were facilitating the digi-tal payments in the country, and whose value continued to grow as e-commerce became mainstream. 2050 downloads Download 678.1 KB

Kenya's Constitution guarantees public participation, but a new report finds limited involvement in recent ICT lawmaking. Read how to strengthen public participation. Authors: Grace Githaiga, Sigi Waigumo Mwanzia and Victor Kapiyo.

1950 downloads Download 618.1 KB

Is Kenya ready for 5G? Kenya has the legal framework but lacks a national 5G strategy. This hinders attracting investment and limits its role in the digital revolution. Read this policy brief by Walubengo John and Barrack Otieno, edited by Mwendwa Kivuva and Victor Kapiyo, to see how Kenya can get ready for 5G.

916 downloads Download 10 MB

Kenyans rely on smartphones, but how is their data protected? This research examines how Kenyan internet companies handle user rights. The study finds limited user protection due to a lack of clear regulations and low user awareness. It calls for action from companies, civil society, academia, and government to improve digital rights practices in Kenya. Read the full policy brief for details and recommendations.

672 downloads Download 1.8 MB
Digital Identification Law in Kenya: The State of Play

Kenyans debate digital ID program: Launched in 2018, Huduma Namba raises privacy and legal concerns. This brief explores the program's framework, challenges, and recommendations for legal compliance.

1566 downloads Download 7.5 MB

Community networks can bridge the digital divide. This brief explores barriers and recommends policy changes for growth.

Author: Mwendwa Kivuva and Josephine Miliza
Editor: John Walubengo
Serial (No.4) (August 2020).

846 downloads Download 1.8 MB

Over The Top Services (OTTs) like WhatsApp challenge traditional phone companies. Should these new players be regulated? This report explores the issue and recommends solutions for a balanced future.

1126 downloads Download 2.3 MB

Technology can empower women but also be a breeding ground for cyberbullying that silences them. This brief explores the problem and suggests solutions.

1149 downloads Download 7.1 MB
Trends of Online Violence against Women in Politics During the COVID19 pandemic in Kenya

Kenya's cyberbullying discourages women's participation in politics. This policy brief explores the problem and solutions for a more inclusive online space.

2144 downloads Download 887.8 KB

Kenya's content policy struggles: Balancing rights and control. This brief explores historical trends and ongoing tensions when it comes to content freedom vs. regulation.

1708 downloads Download 2.1 MB
Kenya's Cybersecurity framework. Time to up the Game. December 2019
Cybersecurity is one of the emerging concerns in the ICT sector in Kenya, given the increased adoption of ICT systems across almost every sector. Unfortunately, and even as there is an upward increase in the  adoption of ICTs, institutions have not prioritized cybersecurity as a risk. In addition, the country is yet to put in place an appropriate policy, legal and institutional and multistakeholder framework to tackle the emerging cybersecurity threats. This brief, calls for the establishment and implementation of an effective policy, legal and institutional framework to anticipate, detect, respond and combat cyber threats, and build resilience in the country. 1622 downloads Download 539.9 KB
Current outlook, challenges and policy options for the Fintech sector in Kenya 1687 downloads Download 9.4 MB
Which Intermediaries have your back? How Kenyan Intermediaries Protect Human Rights Online 2019
With greater internet penetration, Kenyans are increasingly using smartphones to access the internet. These gadgets ubiquitously track and generate personal data. They also facilitate numerous applications (apps) provided by third party developers. Some of the trends in app development include betting as well as mobile loan apps. These apps depend on analysis of personal data of the mobile user to offer their services. Such data is of interest to many other parties such as law enforcement, marketers and political actors. How then are users protected from their data being unjustly accessed by third parties? This study sought to assess the extent to which local intermediaries in Kenya promote digital rights with the overall objective of advocacy for improved human rights based intermediary policies. The research is part of a year-long project to initiate discourse and make policy recommendations for internet intermediaries to clarify their rights and responsibilities. The project also aims to create and develop awareness and dialogue about digital rights in relation to intermediaries, thus promote informed usage of intermediary products. A bigger picture goal of this research is to contribute to knowledge on how technology affects the Kenyan society. The study established that there are still challenges in how internet intermediaries handle the rights of consumers who utilize their services. This is exarberated by the increased of uptake of their services on one hand and absence of a clear legal and policy regime on the other. Without regulations detailing the rights of users and the duties of internet intermediaries, there is a likelihood that human rights of the users are possibly abused or violated. Lack of simple avenues for redress was also identified as a pitfall in achievement of digital rights through internet intermediaries. In addition, the study observes that internet intermediaries have adopted varying policies and practices largely to foster their business interests rather than protect the rights of users. Moreover, the level of awareness among users on their human rights online remains wanting. Neither the users, nor the companies appear to recognise the importance of awareness. This therefore calls for urgent action by governments and all relevant stakeholders to work towards addressing this issues. The research calls upon the internet intermediaries to revise their terms of use and privacy policies to make them digital rights based. In addition, be more open, produce annual transparency reports relating to how user data is handled, used and protected, and educate their users. Civil society actors are called upon to promote awareness for consumers on their digital rights, monitor the practices of intermediaries and highlight breaches whenever they occur. In addition, regulate the excesses and seal the gaps being exploited by intermediaries. In the same vein, academia is urged to conduct more research on best practices in respect to the various business models of intermediaries, including the extent to which companies practice the commitments in their policies. It is recommended that the government enacts robust legislation to secure the rights of users, and oversee the policies and practices of intermediaries. 481 downloads Download 1.5 MB
The role of Kenyan intermediaries in upholding privacy 2019

Kenyans' data privacy at risk! 🇰enya's internet companies lack strong user protections. This study recommends actions for companies, civil society, academia & government to improve digital rights.

514 downloads Download 413.2 KB
Africa Union a guide for Human Rights Defenders in the digital age 2018
432 downloads Download 184.9 KB
561 downloads Download 5.7 MB
748 downloads Download 2.2 MB
Promoting Policy Impact and Inclusive Cyber Policy Making in Kenya 2017
438 downloads Download 112 KB
608 downloads Download 245 KB
Internet Shutdowns Policy Brief 2017
597 downloads Download 612 KB
Don't hit the switch making the case against network disruptions in Africa 2017
563 downloads Download 392.6 KB
484 downloads Download 1.6 MB
KICTANet Strategic Evaluation - Strategic Positioning to Catalyze Growth 2007
484 downloads Download 651.3 KB


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