URGENTLY REQUIRED IN KENYA & AFRICA – Increased Public Awareness about advanced Fake News methods and technologies

Barrack, Is there data / reports that shows what public awareness programs were implemented, their cumulative reach, the perceived effectiveness and recommendations for follow up / continued action plans? Where can it be accessed pleased?

What you are listing looks like disjointed efforts that don’t seem to be strategically coordinated. Is there a national strategy for handling the risk of fake news?

I seem to have accidentally touched a sensitive area… why am I sensing defensiveness?

On Tuesday, January 29, 2019, 8:59:39 AM GMT+3, Barrack Otieno <otieno.barrack@gmail.com> wrote:

Hi Patrick,
It appears to me that your feedback is based on assumptions. As i
indicated , KICTANet has been working with a number of local and
International Stakeholders to address the issues you have raised. If
you dig through the list archives you will rich conversations on the
subject matter in the last two years . Locally KICTANet has worked
with the NCIC (Kaparo Commission)  which has the mandate of dealing
with hatespeech, fake news etc. Other stakeholders thenetwork has
worked with  include BAKE (Bloggers Association of Kenya), CIPIT
(Centre for Intellectual Property and IT based at Strathmore
University, Parliamentrary Commitee on ICT and Innovation under the
leadership of Hon Kisang to name but a few (LAst year during the Kenya
IGF the parliamentary commitee and the Senate sent more than 5
legislators to participate in Internet Governance deliberations).
Internationally KICTAnet has partnered with Paradigm Initiative  which
hosts the annual Digital Inclusion Forum, CIPESA which hosts the
annual Internet Freedom Forum and Association of Progressive
Communications. We have a number of Policy briefs on this subject
matter. A number of listers have also been involved in this efforts
which have been impactfull even though they appear small. I hope they
can chip in.


On 1/29/19, Patrick A. M. Maina <pmaina2000@yahoo.com> wrote:
>  Thanks Barrack,
> That is a good start but I am afraid it sounds woefully inadequate.
> Fake news has greatest impact in “mashinani” (grassroots) i.e. low income
> areas, informal settlements, remote villages, and upcountry as they are
> highly volatile and prone to ethnic/political mobilisation.
> What percentage of the 45 Million Kenyans were reached? Was data collected
> in all counties on the state of fake-news awareness (before / after) to
> gauge program effectiveness?
> Then there are the new developments… What percentage of Kenyans know about
> deep fakes (AI synthesised fake videos)?
> Public awareness needs a coordinated *mass media* and *grassroots* campaign.
> It has to be sustained for several years until fully absorbed into the
> education curriculum.
> KICTANET cannot afford to do this and should not be the driver. Public
> awareness for National Security is squarely a *Government responsibility* –
> with KICTANET role being to push/lobby for meaningful approach / action by
> Government.
> The other area that KICTANET can push is for the legislation of technical
> measures to reduce virality potential of fake news. Platforms must be held
> partially responsible for damages/losses caused by fake news just as
> publishers are held responsible for publishing libel, for example.
> Let’s remember most of these global platforms have very little stake in our
> security or stability (they don’t have significant physical ties to
> Kenya/Africa that would truly make them care e.g. how many of the top
> FB/Telegram/Twitter shareholders live in Kenya with their families?). If
> Kenya burns, they will simply relocate their skeleton team to another
> country in Africa and continue business as usual.
> Worse, multinational Big tech are notorious tax avoiders, profit
> repatriators and economic disruptors (they *steal* valuable attention from
> our paid workers – diverting millions if not BILLIONS of shillings away from
> our economy – it’s amazing employers haven’t sued social media platforms
> yet!) and , so the risks some of them add to society is grossly
> disproportionate to their economic contribution. This is why EU (including
> UK), India, Singapore, China and Russia are getting tough on them!
> Patrick.
>    On Tuesday, January 29, 2019, 7:51:26 AM GMT+3, Barrack Otieno
> <otieno.barrack@gmail.com> wrote:
>  Hi Patrick,
> You may not have joined the list but KICTANet and other local partners such
> as CIPIT , BAKE and the NCIC have made efforts to sensitize the Public on
> Fake News. KICTANet in partnership with NCIC actually hosted a workshop at
> the Stanley Hotel on Fake news in September 2017. Another policy brief
> touching on information controls was produced just before the elections.You
> can find the Policy briefs on the KICTAnet website.
> Best
> On 29 Jan 2019 06:11, “Patrick A. M. Maina via kictanet”
> <kictanet@lists.kictanet.or.ke> wrote:
> I pray that Government officials on this list will take the AFP article
> below seriously. The technologies described in the article are real and
> could be used to radicalize ignorant youth or to spark chaos e.g. during
> political transition events.
> These are REAL RISKS I believe that need to be addressed PROACTIVELY –
> before we get into the election (or even referendum cycle).
> “A well-timed and thoughtfully scripted deepfake or series of deepfakes
> could tip an election, spark violence in a city primed for civil unrest,
> bolster insurgent narratives about an enemy’s supposed atrocities, or
> exacerbate political divisions in a society. With believable fake videos in
> circulation, people can choose to believe whatever version or narrative that
> they want, and that’s a real concern.”
> – Professors Danielle Citron – University of Maryland and Robert Chesney –
> University of Texas
> Scientists are working on technologies to detect deep fakes – but it may not
> be reliable (or available in Africa). Detection may also not be a practical
> solution after a video goes viral and leads to chaos.
> “It’s more important to disrupt the process than to analyse the videos. An
> important way to deal with deepfakes is to INCREASE PUBLIC AWARENESS, making
> people more skeptical of what used to be considered incontrovertible proof.”
> – Professor Siwei Lyu – State University of New York at Albany
> TECH BREAK: Misinformation woes could multiply with ‘deepfake’
> |
> |
> |
> |  |  |
>  |
>  |
> |
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> TECH BREAK: Misinformation woes could multiply with ‘deepfake’
> Deepfake videos are becoming more sophisticated due to advances in
> artificial intelligence.
>  |
>  |
>  |
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