Triple DITTO on that @Barrack Otieno <email@example.com>
I think what we are witnessing from the side of Major Telcos resistance to
this is their feel that their bottom line would be affected. As @Barrack
Otieno <firstname.lastname@example.org> put it with Solomonic wisdom and
precision; we need to unclip the *commercial lens* and clip on the *social
benefits* one! The CNs coming to be would depend on Telcos for their
backhaul… additional revenue for them and extended coverage for Wanjiku!
It is a win win situation!
On Fri, May 28, 2021 at 11:56 AM Barrack Otieno via kictanet <
> Hi Adam,
> I beg to respectfully differ with you on the purpose of the framework.
> This effort by the Communications Authority has broken the glass ceiling on
> Spectrum licensing. Through this many more people will get to understand
> the value of spectrum which will in return encourage better usage and
> deployment which will be beneficial to the entire ICT ecosystem in the
> country. It is a fact that ICTs have widened the divide between the haves
> and have nots and community networks are one of the ways aimed at
> shortening this divide. Community Networks will definitely spur innovation
> at local community level. This may include ideas that will eventually lead
> to manufacture or assembly of local network equipment as we saw with the
> spread of TV where aerials would be manufactured locally which enabled many
> households to own television sets. By the way, I am sure majority of the
> senior listers here must have encountered their first TV sets when they
> were 10 years old, which is a testament of the havoc the digital divide can
> cause. Let us not view community networks purely from commercial lenses.
> Best Regards
> On Thu, May 27, 2021 at 5:44 PM Adam Lane via kictanet <
> email@example.com> wrote:
>> Hi Mwendwa
>> The framework is a positive step. Though Kenya has some of the best
>> connectivity on the content, the CA has estimated that around 4% of the
>> population do not have broadband network coverage and the business models
>> of providing it in those areas are difficult (expensive to provide, few
>> users, users have low incomes etc). Whether Community Networks are able to
>> provide networks in those circumstances and at scale may be unclear but
>> they should certainly be given a chance.
>> I also want to commend the report for noting the critical issue of
>> demand-side aspects of broadband usage (awareness, skills, access to
>> devices, relevant local content etc). Addressing those issues are beyond
>> the scope of the regulatory framework which is for licensing, but certainly
>> it is good to note that Community Networks might be more willing to invest
>> in those areas, and thus benefit from having more users.
>> Since the stated purpose of the framework is to provide network coverage
>> where it does not exist, my suggestion would be that Community Networks
>> should certainly be given a chance in those un-served areas, and in those
>> areas (88 sub-locations with 0 coverage, 239 sub-locations with <50%
>> coverage for example) the CA needs to provide some efforts to reduce the
>> costs of providing networks, including lower licensing fees, and lower
>> spectrum costs. This should be for any operator, whether a community
>> network, ISP or MNO. Since currently it is difficult for community networks
>> to register, then certainly it is a good idea to make it easier for them to
>> register and try to build a viable network.
>> However it is strange that the suggested size is of â€œsub-countyâ€ rather
>> than sub-location or ward; and strange that there is no limitation on
>> location such as â€œno existing network coverageâ€. I would recommend a
>> limitation on the size to be much smaller than sub-county, and more
>> importantly, I would recommend a limitation on the community network to
>> operate in areas that are un-served by other network providers (these areas
>> are now well known following the Access Gaps Study this year).
>> The way the current framework is written would allow community networks
>> to operate in sub-counties of Nairobi or any other cities/towns, and be in
>> direct competition to MNOs and ISPs, which I donâ€™t believe is the purpose
>> of the framework.
>> Should the purpose of the framework be to address affordability issues of
>> broadband (i.e. if affordability is one barrier of broadband usage along
>> with devices access, skills, awareness, content, power etc), then I believe
>> a different regulatory strategy could be developed to address this. This
>> framework for community networks should be limited to areas that are
>> un-served only.
>> *From:* kictanet [mailto:kictanet-bounces+adam.lane=
>> firstname.lastname@example.org] *On Behalf Of *Mwendwa Kivuva via
>> *Sent:* Thursday, May 27, 2021 9:28 AM
>> *To:* Adam Lane <email@example.com>
>> *Cc:* Mwendwa Kivuva <Kivuva@transworldafrica.com>
>> *Subject:* [kictanet] Licensing and Shared Spectrum Framework for
>> Community Networks for Kenya online discussion
>> Dear Listers,
>> As we had indicated, today we will have a discussion on the Licensing and
>> Shared Spectrum Framework for Community Networks for Kenya that was issued
>> by the Communications Authority of Kenya, available for direct download
>> Today, we will discuss the licensing aspect of the community networks.
>> and tomorrow about the shared spectrum framework.
>> The Community Network Licensing framework proposes;
>> 1. Community Network Service Provider (CNSP) License to be created within
>> the Unified Licensing Framework.
>> 2. The community network should be fully controlled by a non-profit
>> entity and carried on for non-profitable purposes, encouraging members of
>> the community to participate in the governance, design, and
>> 3. Two letters of support from Community Leaders as part of the
>> application process for CNSP to ensure community ownership
>> 3. Geographical coverage of a CNSP will be a sub-county boundary
>> 4. License period of 10years with License Application fee Ksh1000,
>> Initial Operating License Fee Ksh 5000, and Annual Operating Fee Ksh5000.
>> 6. Spectrum Fee: Fee waiver for non-protected access to lightly-licensed
>> and license-exempt frequency bands by wireless access systems
>> 7. CNSPs would be exempt from USF contributions, while the USF
>> implementation framework may include a community ICT development and/or
>> capacity building component. The authority shall further examine ways to
>> ensure that community networks receive consideration under the future
>> framework for the Universal Service Fund
>> – What are your comments on the proposed licensing framework?
>> – What gaps have you identified in the proposed licensing framework?
>> – How would you recommend addressing the identified gaps?
>> – What recommendations do you have for CA to improve entry into the
>> telecommunications market in Kenya?
>> Looking forward to an engaging discussion.
>> Mwendwa Kivuva, Nairobi, Kenya
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> Barrack O. Otieno
> Skype: barrack.otieno
> PGP ID: 0x2611D86A
> kictanet mailing list
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> Unsubscribe or change your options at
> The Kenya ICT Action Network (KICTANet) is a multi-stakeholder platform
> for people and institutions interested and involved in ICT policy and
> regulation. The network aims to act as a catalyst for reform in the ICT
> sector in support of the national aim of ICT enabled growth and development.
> KICTANetiquette : Adhere to the same standards of acceptable behaviors
> online that you follow in real life: respect people’s times and bandwidth,
> share knowledge, don’t flame or abuse or personalize, respect privacy, do
> not spam, do not market your wares or qualifications.
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