Training on Online Gender Based Violence for the LGBTQIA+

Date: 18th  August 2023

Time: 8:00 am to 4:30 pm

Venue: Royal Tulips Hotel Nairobi


KICTANet in partnership with GIZ is implementing a project on Online Gender Based Violence (OGBV) in Kenya. The Project has two parts; qualitative and quantitative research on OGBV in Kenya and capacity building OGBV for women in politics, journalists, law enforcement agencies and the LGBTQ+ community. 

While emerging technologies have given the LGBTQIA+ Community a platform to express themselves, they still struggle with mitigating risks posed by the amplified visibility.LGBTQIA+ persons are disproportionately affected by cyber violence when compared to heterosexual individuals. Oftentimes the stigma associated with being queer in Kenya’s heteronormative society is replicated online.  This can be seen from the wave of hate against queer Kenyans after the pro-gay rights supreme court ruling. 

Last year, KICTANet with support from GIZ developed an e-learning module on online gender-based violence and conducted workshops to build a community of practice on online safety.  From last year’s project, we identified the need for customized training that addresses the needs of women in politics and journalists.

Background and Context

Gender-based violence against women, girls, boys and LGBTQ+ people is one of the most frequent human rights violations worldwide. Due to increasing digitalization and new framework conditions (including anonymity, automation, remote action, easy accessibility, and dissemination), some of these violent cases now take place online or are intensified within the digital sphere. Those affected are silenced by online violence and driven out of digital spaces. Many exercise self-censorship which has chilling effects on their right to freedom of expression and information, as well as the right to protection and security. 

In Kenya, general elections were held on 9th August 2022 and while women were running for political office in record numbers, they also reported disproportionately often being attacked online. A recent study on sexism and violence against women in African parliaments found that at least 42% of female parliamentarians have experienced hate speech and threats of violence online. In response to these developments, in July 2022, the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights adopted Resolution 522 on the Protection of Women Against Digital Violence in Africa which calls for the protection of women against digital violence.

Objectives of the training

The training seeks to meet the following objectives:

  1. To train participants on forms of online gender-based violence, it’s harms and digital security tips to mitigate their occurrence and/or impact.
  2. To offer psycho-social support to participants as well as mental health tips to assist other victims of online gender-based violence.
  3. To offer legal support to participants with a special focus on access to justice for survivors of OGBV.
  4. To foster partnerships among stakeholders, including government bodies, civil society organizations, and tech companies, to collectively combat OGBV and advocate for policy changes.

Expected Outcomes 

  1. Raised awareness about online gender-based violence among participants.
  2. Legal and psycho-social support is offered to survivors of OGBV and other participants.
  3. Networking event for collaborations/partnerships between Civil Society, Tech companies, academia, government and development partners.

Format of the Event 

The training shall be face-to-face and take the form of lectures, group activities and exercises. 


The training will aim to bring together at least 20 participants drawn from the LGBTQIA+ Community and organisations who influence conversations both online and offline, to enhance partnerships, sharing of knowledge and emerging best practices on women’s digital rights.


Time Item Person Responsible
7:00 – 8:00 am Arrival and Registration (Signing of KICTANet Participation list) KICTANet
8:00 – 8:30 am Brief Opening Remark Ms. Grace Githaiga

CEO & Convenor of KICTANet

8:30 am – 10:30am Forms of OGBV

Harms of OGBV

Arya Jeipea Karijo, Digital Security Expert and DEK Trainer
10:30 – 11am TEA BREAK KICTANet
11:00 – 13:00 pm Access to Justice for Survivors of OGBV

-Overview of law on OGBV

-Criminal Procedures and Penalties for OGBV

-Civil Remedies for OGBV

-Quasi-judicial remedies for OGBV cases (reporting mechanisms on Social Media Platforms, and other government agencies)

Marion Ogeto, Lawyer and Programs Officer at Equality Now
1:00 – 2:00 pm LUNCH BREAK  KICTANet
2:00 – 4:00 pm Mental Health Tips for Coping with Online Gender-Based Violence


Lowry Achieng, Psychologist
4:00 pm -4:15 pm Closing Remarks  Angela Minayo
4:15 pm -5:00 pm Afternoon Tea

Participants leave at their own pleasure



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